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The aim of the Holocaust Memoir Digest is to make the contents of each survivor’s memoir available to schools, libraries, and institutions that deal with the Holocaust. Using the Digest, teachers, students, and researchers will know what is in the memoirs, and will be able to use them easily and effectively.

The memoirs appear in the order of their first publication. The memoirs chosen for this volume of the Digest cover a range of regions and experiences, and include the earliest to the most recently published memoirs. Subsequent volumes of the Digest will continue to present a range of regions, and experiences.

Outline

Each entry of the Digest covers the following:

  • Personal Chronology
  • Author
  • Title
  • Publishing details
  • Focus of the memoir: age of the writer, time frame, geographic locations
  • Features of the memoir: foreword, photographs, documents, works cited, maps, afterword, appendices, footnotes, glossary, bibliography, index
  • Topics particular to each memoir, with the page numbers from the memoir (given for every reference), according to the following themes:
Pre-war Jewish home and community life
Pre-war anti-Semitism
The coming of war
Life under German occupation
Creation of the ghetto
Daily life in the ghetto
Deportation
Mass Murder Sites
Transit camps
Death Camps
Slave Labour camps and factories
Theresienstadt/Terezin
Auschwitz-Birkenau
Death marches
Concentration camps
Witness to mass murder
Resistance, ghetto revolts, individual acts of courage and defiance
Partisan activity
Specific escapes
In hiding, including Hidden Children
Righteous Gentiles
Liberation
Displaced Persons camps
Stories of individuals, including family members
Post-war life and career
Personal reflections
Conclusion

Pre-war Jewish home and community life

How was a Jewish religious life observed?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantors Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone, Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory, Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

In what ways was assimilation attempted?
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2

What were the discussions among members of the author’s family about following Zionist dreams and moving to Palestine?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Fragments of Memory, Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What cultural aspects created a sense of community?
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Pre-war anti-Semitism

How did the annexation of Austria and parts of Czechoslovakia affect Jews living in those areas?
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What options to flee were open to Jews who found themselves in annexed areas?
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2

How did pre-war restrictions against Jews affect them?
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1

What was the prominance of local anti-Semitic gangs?
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2

What was the “Blood Libel” and how was it used against Jews?
Fragments of Memory, Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

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The coming of war

What was it like to experience German bombing raids?
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz (Cracow), in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman (Warsaw)), in Volume 1
The Cantors Voice, Solomon Gisser (Lodz), in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

What was it like for Jewish soldiers in the Polish army?
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2

What was the situation for Jewish refugees?
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
By Bread Alone, Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3

How were the first encounters with the Germans?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

How did Soviet occupation affect Jewish life?
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

Life under German occupation

How did life change for Jews under occupation?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisiuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantors Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

How did the seeming politeness of the Germans gain confidence and dispel rumours?
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisiuk, in Volume 1
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

What was the economic impact of German occupation?
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I,Art Spiegelman
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What was the evolving plight of refugees?
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisiuk, in Volume 1

What assistance was used by the Germans?
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2

How was the German chain of command established?
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

How did the Germans use local sentiment to further their goals?
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

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Creation of the ghetto

How were the smaller ghettos established?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

How were the larger ghettos formed?
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar (Bialystok), in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz (Cracow), in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman (Warsaw), in Volume 1
The Cantors Voice, Solomon Gisser (Lodz), in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak (Vilna), in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

Daily life in the ghetto

What was life like in the smaller ghettos?
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2

What was the day-to-day existence like in the larger ghettos?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed (Warsaw), in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar (Bialystok), in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz (Cracow), in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman (Warsaw), in Volume 1
The Cantors Voice, Solomon Gisser (Lodz), in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak (Vilna), in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

Deportation

What were conditions like on the deportation trains?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining ..., Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Which trains came to Treblinka?
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1

Which trains came to Auschwitz?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining ..., Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Which trains came to Belzec?
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining ..., Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

Which trains came to Maly Trostenets?
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

How were deportations used to move Jews to slave labour camps?
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
The Cantors Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Were there eyewitnesses to the deportation trains?
And the Sun Kept Shining ..., Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3

What was known of the destination of the deportation trains?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

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Mass Murder Sites

How and where did the killings take place?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2

How did the Nazis deal with enemy forces?
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2

Transit camps

What were conditions like in the transit camps?
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Death camps

What was known about Chelmno and when?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1

What was known about Treblinka and when?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What was known about Belzec and when?
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

Who was taken to Maly Trostenets and when?
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

Slave Labour camps and factories

What were conditions like in Buna-Monowitz?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3

What were conditions like in the other slave labour camps?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantors Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

How were the Warsaw Ghetto factories involved during the revolt?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1

How were workers enslaved and then moved to different factories and camps?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantors Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

Theresienstadt/Terezin

What were conditions like in Theresienstadt?
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

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Auschwitz-Birkenau

What was the routine upon entry into Auschwitz?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What were conditions like in Auschwitz-Birkenau?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What was a “mussulman” and who became one?
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  
Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  
Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

How could the mind help or hinder survival?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

How could relationships help or hinder survival?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

How did the author convey a sense of the number of people being killed in Auschwitz-Birkenau?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What purposes did the tattoo have?
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3

How were those who came from Theresienstadt treated?
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

Death marches

What was the evacuation of Auschwitz like?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3

What were conditions like on the road?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What period of time elapsed and what distances were covered on the death marches?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

Concentration camps

What were conditions like in the concentration camps during the war?
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What were conditions like in concentration camps for those who came in from death marches?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

Witness to mass murder

What were the early reports of mass murder?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

Which survivors saw mass murder at Auschwitz?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3

What eyewitness accounts of mass murder were there in cities, slave labour camps, and other areas?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3

How was mass murder carried out on death marches?
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2

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Resistance, ghetto revolts, individual acts of courage and defiance

What was the penalty for resistance?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What do we know about resistance in Warsaw and the Warsaw Ghetto Revolt?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1

What organized resistance was there at Auschwitz, at other camps, and ghettos?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2

What do we know about organized resistance at Auschwitz, and the crematorium blown up at Birkenau?
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3

What could individuals do to resist?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining ..., Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

In what ways could Jewish Councils resist?
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What secret messages were transmitted through the mail?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

What acts of a religious, educational, cultural, or artistic nature took place, and how can they be considered resistance?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining ..., Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
All But My Life Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Partisan activity

What were the successes in working with the Partisans?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What were the betrayals, the hazards of Jews forming or joining partisan units?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3

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Specific escapes

What specific escapes from deportation trains were known?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2

What were some examples of day-to-day escapes?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What were some examples of psychological escape?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

How was it possible to escape from Auschwitz?
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1

In hiding, including Hidden Children

What was involved in the hiding of children?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What was involved in taking on a new identity in order to survive?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What was involved in finding a physical hiding place?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What were conditions like for those in hiding?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What were the risks involved in hiding Jews?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Righteous Gentiles

What kinds of offers were made by non-Jews to help Jews?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Who were to be the beneficiaries of non-Jews who supplied real assistance?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

In what way was kindness an act of righteousness?
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

What were the risks to non-Jews who helped?
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein
Strange and Unexpected Love,Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

In what ways have the Righteous been recognized?
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil,
Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

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Liberation

What evidence did survivors have that the Germans might lose the war?
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3

What was the situation involved in returning home?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

How did liberation from the Germans not end the threat of death?
Night, Elie Wiesel, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
Survival in Auschwitz,  Primo Levi, in Volume 3
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

Displaced Persons camps

Who was able to benefit from the D.P. Camps?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3

Who was able to be of assistance in these camps?
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2

Stories of individuals, including family members

What was the fate of parents, siblings, and extended family?
What was the fate of friends, and those met along the way?
Gerda Klein writes of one friend: “I cannot help but want to tell her story, for I might be the only one left in the world who knows it.” How might this be true?
This category is dealt with in nearly every memoir.

Post-war life and career

Which survivors were able to return home only after an absence of many years?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
Good Beyond Evil, Eva Gossman, in Volume 3

How have survivors continued to seek justice for the perpetrators and the deniers of the Holocaust?
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
The Janowska Road, Leon Weliczker Wells, in Volume 3
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

How have their experiences in the Holocaust inspired people to be involved in Holocaust related areas, to write and teach about the Holocaust?
On Both Sides of the Wall, Vladka Meed, in Volume 1
I Cannot Forgive, Rudolf Vrba, in Volume 1
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Dry Tears, Nechama Tec, in Volume 1
All But My Live, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
When Memory Comes, Saul Friedländer, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2
By Bread Alone,  Mel Mermelstein, in Volume 3
Fragments of Memory,  Hana Greenfield, in Volume 3

How have people moved forward, despite their Holocaust experiences?
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
And the Sun Kept Shining …, Bertha Ferderber-Salz, in Volume 1
Dottore! Internment in Italy, 1940-1945, Dr. Salim Diamand, in Volume 1
Unveiled Shadows, Ingrid Kisliuk, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part II, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2

How did marriage and children help survivors reaffirm their commitment to life?
Of Blood and Hope, Samuel Pisar, in Volume 1
Out of the Ghetto, Jack Klajman, in Volume 1
All But My Life, Gerda Weissmann Klein, in Volume 2
Maus, A Survivor’s Tale, Part I, Art Spiegelman, in Volume 2
Strange and Unexpected Love, Fanya Gottesfeld Heller, in Volume 2
From Thessaloniki to Auschwitz and Back, Erika Kounio Amariglio, in Volume 2
The Cantor’s Voice, Solomon Gisser, in Volume 2
Painted in Words, Samuel Bak, in Volume 2

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Personal reflections

Compare fear as described by Vladka Meed and Nechama Tec, from Volume 1.

Compare sharing inner feelings by Ingrid Kisliuk and Nechama Tec, from Volume 1.

Compare the responsibility of remembering in Samuel Pisar and Bertha Ferderber-Salz, from Volume 1

Compare Gerda Klein’s sense of “belonging” to America and Samuel Bak’s sense “I am everywhere and
no where at home”, which Saul Friedländer echoes, from Volume 2.

Compare Saul Friedländer’s father with Fanya Heller’s father, the importance of religion, their mechanisms for coping, from Volume 2.

Compare Gerda Klein’s sense that she “discharged a burden” with Samuel Bak’s sense of writing to “save the dead from oblivion”, from Volume 2. In what ways is it important to remember these lives?

Compare Saul Friedländer’s and Solomon Gisser’s view of religion, from Volume 2.

How did the sense of hope that Vladek Spiegelman expresses contrast with that of Erika Amariglio’s community whose sense of hope was used against them, from Volume 2?

How can survival be “a privilege and a burden” to Gerda Klein, Vladek Spiegelman, and Fanya Heller, from
Volume 2?

Erika Amariglio, with her first-hand knowledge of the documentation of Auschwitz, has no patience for those who might question the facts of the Holocaust. Vladek Spiegelman wants his son to be prepared “just in case”, from Volume 2. Can knowledge of the events be sufficient to prevent another catastrophe from occurring?

Compare Primo Levi's and Leon Wells' views of being hardened to pain. How does Hana Greenfield continue to use that shell, from Volume 3?

Compare Primo Levi's and Leon Well's views of happiness, in Volume 3.

What does Mel Mermelstein mean by a “just God”, Volume 3?

Compare the influence of Leon Wells' mother and Mel Mermelstein's father, in Volume 3.

What does Hana Greenfield mean when she writes: “...the world is divided into two kinds of people: those who were there and those who were not.”, Volume 3?

What difficulties of this nature might be encountered at trials like the one for Ivan Demjanjuk?

Eva Gossman writes about the “depth of depravity”; where does Primo Levi find that depth, Volume 3?

Compare Eva Gossman asking how she would have acted and Mel Mermelstein's guilt at saving himself,
Volume 3.

Hana Greenfield calls her grandfather a hero; compare Primo Levi's friend Steinlauf on “the power to refuse our consent”, Volume 3.

Hana Greenfield writes: The only thing that remains of Alice is my memory of her and the number 'AAd55' next to her name on the transport list ... .” In which other cases might this be true?

Conclusion

From all three volumes of the Digest.

How did the following elements help the Germans to carry out their genocide:
Segregation,
Restrictions,
Confiscations,
Control of information,
Ruthlessness in dealing with those opposed to Nazism?

What part did economics play in the Holocaust and in the German war effort, in terms of confiscated assets, and slave labour?

What is left when a person loses everything that defines him: loved ones, home, business, property, position, his clothing, and his name?

What is meant by “hunger”, as experienced by these people?
What is meant by “fear”?
What is meant by “hope”?

In what ways can “courage” and “defiance” comprise very real resistance?

Why were some non-Jews willing to help, and for what reasons did they help?

To what extent has the reality of Auschwitz alerted us to the potential for evil in the world?

What is meant by “crimes against humanity” and why must we be vigilant to prosecute the perpetrators?

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